The Orion Enigma

For some reason ancient cultures all over the planet appear to have chosen to build and align structures on their sacred sites to the stars of the Orion constellation. While many people contend that this is the result of nothing more than our ancient ancestors reacting to Orion’s prominence in the night sky, others believe there may have been a specific method to their madness.

Bauval's Orion Correlation - In Spanish
Bauval’s Orion Correlation

In 1983, author and independent researcher Robert Bauval suggested that the three ancient pyramids in Giza, Egypt were purposefully aligned by their builders to the three belt stars of Orion. This was the genesis of Bauval’s famous “Orion Correlation Theory.” While lauded by many in the independent research community, this foray into archeo-astronomy was not met with fanfare in the academic community. Many academics have come out loudly against this theory over the years, some going so far as to place Bauval in a new category called “pseudo archaeology” – a term created to help promote the work of academia by aggressively attempting to discredit the work of independent researchers. It may be difficult to understand how or why the ancient Egyptians would align their structures to Orion, but if they did they may not be the only ancient culture to do so.

Author Paul Burley contends that certain stones within Stonehenge align to Orion, and do so at many times throughout the year. Petroglyphs representing Orion and Sirius have reportedly been found inside the back chamber of Loughcrew in Ireland, a site (and markings) we were fortunate to have seen first-hand this summer along with Stonehenge on our Anarchy in the UK tour. Were the ancient Celts tracking Orion? Their counterparts in Mesoamerica certainly were.

Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacan
Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacan

We’ve spoken with three Maya historians to learn that their ancient Maya ancestors aligned structures to Orion. As our friend Israel Canto explains in this episode, the Maya aligned their oldest and largest structures in “triadic” groups of three to mimic the belt stars of Orion. Structures built in the “Preclassic” era (prior to 1000 BC) were built in groups of three, with a primary pyramid flanked with two smaller structures. This can be seen at the ruins of Caracol in Belize, El Mirador in Mexico and Tikal Temple IV in Guatemala. Typically the oldest Maya structures are found in the Lowland areas of Central America where Maya civilization reportedly began.

Some Maya to this day place three stones in a triangle on their hearth to commemorate the fertile region known as the “fiery furnace,” an area centered between Orion’s center belt star and two feet where his phallus would exist. Isn’t it odd that this region known as “M42” or the Orion Nebula is an extremely active region of star creation? That fertility as creation exists in an area of this constellation where a physical embodiment of fertility would be?

The ancient Nahuatl builders of Teotihuacan near Mexico City, the so-called “Birthplace of the Gods” also aligned the three pyramids of the Sun, Moon and Quetzalcoatl with the three belt stars of Orion. This “As above so below” approach to Orion could’ve migrated North with the Aztecs or their Nahuatl neighbors into what is now the Four Corners region of the United States as well, where the ancient pueblo cultures apparently venerated Orion as well.

Author Gary A. David, familiar with Bauval’s work applied it to villages and ceremonial sites built by the ancient ancestors of the Hopi in the Southwest U.S. known as the Hisatsinom or Anasazi. David found that the ancient Hisatsinom ancestors of the pueblo peoples of North America also got the memo on aligning structures with Orion. Not only do the three belt stars of Orion align with the three mesas on which the Hopi have lived for more than 1,000 years, but Hisatsinom villages separated by hundreds of miles are aligned with ALL the stars of Orion. As David also notes in this episode, the star Sirius – the dog star, a star also revered by the ancient Egyptians, Dogon and others – aligns with Chaco Canyon, an ancient ceremonial center that was possibly run into the ground by the wicked Chichimecs, oddly known as the “Sons of the dog.” Coincidence? Learn more at Gary’s website – he has published two outstanding books on Orion in The Orion Zone and Mirrors of Orion.

AZ Hopi Orion Correlation
AZ Orion Correlation, by Gary A. David

What could’ve possibly motivated these people to expend the time and effort to align structures with the stars of Orion, especially during a time in which survival was a daily chore? In pondering similarities between these ancient cultures we find they are all engaged in honoring fertility and fertility gods. Specifically, a god associated with grain. To the ancient Egyptians this god was named Osiris, and he is represented by the constellation Orion. His wife, Isis is represented by Sirius. The Egyptians watched carefully for the heliacal rising of Sirius annually, as it signaled the beginning of the flooding of the Nile delta bringing fertility to crops.

The Maya also have a grain god, a maize god called First Father or Hun Hunaphu. Very much like the story of Osiris, Hun Hunaphu was killed and resurrected. Interestingly Hun Hunaphu was resurrected through a turtle shell representing the constellation Orion. Not to be outdone, the Hopi have a deity called Massa’u as discussed by Gary David in this episode – a god who just happens to be associated with agriculture and the constellation Orion. Were all these ancient cultures bringing the stars of Orion to earth to honor a fertility god associated with the constellation?

The Orion Constellation
The Orion Constellation

It’s quite compelling to consider that the ancient Egyptians, Greeks, Celts, Maya, Nahuatl and Hopi – peoples separated by thousands of miles and years – not only relate to the constellation Orion intimately but in a very similar manner. They all meticulously brought the stars of Orion to earth, and they all worship a fertility deity associated with this constellation. Could this be the same god? In the story of Osiris, Osiris claims to leave Egypt after bestowing his wisdom there, in order to bring it to other peoples. Was there a globe-trotting grain god spreading his seed about the planet in ancient times?

There are only four ways this kind of knowledge can be conveyed. Either we are talking about the same people who populated the globe in ancient times, there was contact between seemingly disparate groups at a time we are told it was impossible, a third party took the knowledge from one group to another, or all peoples pulled this knowledge from the Jungian collective unconscious or what author David Wilcock calls the “source field” simultaneously. Interestingly academia sees this as nothing more than coincidence. However, if the story of Osiris is on point the work of independent researchers Jason Jarrell and Hugh Newman could shed new light on the situation.

Authors Jarrel and Newman are breaking new ground in books due in the coming months that will support the possibility of an ancient group or groups of  globetrotting megalith builders who may also have been very large beings. Their work to date has already led us to journal entries from agents of the Smithsonian Institution who claim to have unearthed giant human skeletons on multiple occasions, and the subsequent efforts of Ales Hrldska and his Nazi cohorts in the U.S. Eugenics Society to obscure this history and keep it from public record. They were quite successful, but the books of Newman and Jarrel may turn the tide and bring much needed awareness to the obfuscation of our history by special interests. Will we learn that giants not only existed, but spread advanced culture throughout the world in ancient times? Stay tuned!

Human Sacrifice

Not bad for a “bomb,” huh?

In this episode you see our Hopi friend Ramson Lomatewama explain that a clan or clans of the Hopi were at one time long ago involved in the practice of ritual human sacrifice. We are not familiar with any instance in which this knowledge has been conveyed in writing or video, and it’s no mystery as to why. Such information could me misused by mouth breathers as validation for the “savage” tag so wrongly applied by short-sighted self interests to the many incredible cultures that existed here long before greed, racism and ignorance tried to exterminate them. We are grateful that Ramson was willing to share this history with us, and we are grateful for the opportunity to share it with you. Not for the shock value of finding sacrifice in the legends of a peaceful people, but for what Ramson explained directly afterward. In his peoples’ history the practice of ritual human sacrifice is regarded as something to avoid at all costs in the future, and it has been ever since. They learned and continue to learn from their past mistakes as a people. Without writing it down.

The Hopi have been regarded as a peaceful people since early settlers first became aware of them – Hopi actually translates as “peaceful person.” While French missionaries witnessed human sacrifice in North America as recently as the 1700s at a ceremonial site of the so-called “Mississippian” culture we visited in Nachez, Mississippi, this was not happening on the Hopi mesas. However, it may have been happening hundreds of years prior at Chaco Canyon, a site frequented by the ancestors of the Hopi, the Hisatsinom. If it were, it would certainly explain the stories of a darkness appearing there, the widespread evidence of brutality found throughout the region, and the abrupt manner in which the people of Chaco fled the site.

Pueblo Bonito, Greatest of the Great Houses, Chaco Canyon NM
Pueblo Bonito, Greatest of the Great Houses, Chaco Canyon NM

In order to get people to buy-in to an extreme idea like human sacrifice, you’ve got to have a powerful core group of leaders willing to exert that power to create obedience via fear. It’s difficult to associate such a nasty undertaking occurring at a place like Chaco that we suppose as spiritually significant sacred space, but if the ruling group’s arsenal includes education and religion it’s as easy as dogma. When the Maya priest stood atop the pyramid and made the sun disappear during an eclipse, everyone in the audience who wasn’t a priest was his stooge for life. So how do we know there was such a group at Chaco?

As we discuss in this episode, cylinder jars were found under Pueblo Bonito, the greatest of Chaco Canyon’s great houses, in initial digs conducted by Richard Wetherill in the 1800s. These jars were tested recently by a team at the University of New Mexico led by anthropology professor Patricia L. Crown and were found to contain the residue of a cacao beverage drank by the elite Maya. There is a petroglyph of a Cacao plant behind Pueblo Bonito underlining the importance of this beverage to the people of Chaco, that had been misunderstood for years prior to Crown’s find. The limited number of these jars found, the location in which they were found (Pueblo Bonito) and the fact that we know the Maya elite indulged in this beverage suggests an elite presence at Chaco Canyon.

Temple and Plaza at Tikal, Guatemala
Temples Like This One at Tikal Ensured the Priests Were High Above the Masses

Furthermore, the date of the pottery tested revealed origins in 1000-1025AD. This not only falls directly after the decline of the Classic Period of the Maya that led many Maya to emigrate from Mesoamerica, it falls directly in the middle of Chaco’s existence – 150 years after building started and 100 years prior to the drought that helped to usher in the end. Hopi oral legend states that some clans of the Hopi were at one time Maya, and migrated North. A similar story is told in the oral legends of the Creek people who fled sacrificial practices in South America and Mesoamerica to start again in North Georgia. Was the influx of an elite presence from Mesoamerica responsible for the darkness that may have included ritual human sacrifice leading to Chaco’s abrupt decline?

Author Gary A. David mentions the brutal Chichimecs as potential culprits in this scenario, having been known as cannibalistic barbarians. Interestingly the Chichimecs are called the “sons of the dog,” and Chaco Canyon aligns with Sirius in Gary’s Orion Correlation of Hisatsinom sites – the dog star. Dogs were found buried throughout the Southwest, could this be another indication of Chichimec presence? Could clans of the Hisatsinom have at one time lived among the Chichimecs?

Kivas at Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon
Kivas at Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon

Like our corporate leaders, the ruling elite at Chaco may have used their power to get the masses to conduct enormous ceremonies in Chaco’s many kivas for their benefit – kivas built using 200,000+ trees from forests 50+ miles away. In America we conduct our daily ceremonies by performing our Straight Job in the modern kiva called the Office. We worship a corporate god, and we are destroying the environment to celebrate it via Debt Slavery and Consumerism which is hammered into us by marketing dogma telling us that we need to accumulate more at any cost to be a success in this so-called culture.

Just as we allow corporate appetites to feast on our precious greenery, the Maya deforested aggressively to build massive temples, plazas and agricultural sites to feed their growing population and the desires of a ruling elite that emerged along the way. Thanks to the work of Dr. Jaime Awe (who you will meet in upcoming episodes), we know this deforestation exacerbated mounting drought conditions and led to famine, war and diaspora among the Maya before the Spanish arrived. For some reason our society trudges forward boldly and blindly, supporting corporate greed despite frightening mounting environmental dangers much like the many failed civilizations prior to ours. Wouldn’t you think we’d benefit from having more past information to draw from than any prior civilization?

We begin this episode pointing a finger at leadership, which is getting more difficult to do every day as political figures duck, dodge and morph into corporate sycophants. Who is really running the show these days and why do we continue allowing our elected puppets to appease them at our expense? How is it acceptable to anyone that Trump and Clinton are the two best choices we could come up with out of 320+ million people for the highest office we have to offer? While we struggle to understand the depth of our shitshow we can look back at examples provided by the Maya and Hisatsinom, and we can learn a good lesson from the Hopi of today.

The Hopi pray for the continuance of all living things, a polar opposite to the human sacrificial practices that at least some clans appear to have been involved in at one time in Mesoamerica or North America. Perhaps early clan forays into elitism and sacrifice led them to the peace with which they have lived together now for more than a thousand years at their center place in Northern Arizona. There’s a huge lesson to be learned here and a great deal of hope for all of us: All we need to do is be smart enough to stop the human sacrifice and start again. People are waking to the nightmare, but time seems shorter every day as science continues to bump-up our approaching expiration date.

Recent studies by the University of Georgia and National Academy of Sciences reveal that our extensive elimination of foliage is putting us on track for the sixth major mass-extinction event the earth has experienced. “The sun’s energy is stored in plants and fossil fuels, but humans are draining energy much faster than it can be replenished,” explains John Schramski, an associate professor in UGA’s College of Engineering. Basically, the biomass “battery” of earth is depleting. The 1,000 Billion tons of carbon in the biomass of the earth 2,000 years ago has been reduced by half, 10% in the past 100 years alone. “If we don’t reverse this trend, we’ll eventually reach a point where the biomass battery discharges to a level at which Earth can no longer sustain us,” adds Schramski. “These laws are absolute and incontrovertible; we have a limited amount of biomass energy available on the planet, and once it’s exhausted, there is absolutely nothing to replace it.”

Isn’t it odd that this is happening during a time that prophecies of the Hopi, Maya, Hindu and other ancient cultures claim to be a time of great upheaval, cataclysm and change? The good news is that we have a roadmap for a future should we choose one. All we have to do is stop the human sacrifice and start again.

Culture(s) at Chaco

In this episode we ponder the draw of Chaco Canyon, the peoples who made the journey to Chaco from thousands of miles away and the ideologies that may have been exchanged between them.

Macaws from up to 3000 miles South of New Mexico were found at Chaco Canyon, brought by the Maya residents of the area at the time (850-1150AD). Macaws naturally impress themselves on their human keepers and establish a very close relationship, indicating that these sacred birds likely made the extensive journey to Chaco individual by individual rather than in bunches with a Pochteca trader. The feathers of these birds were employed in a ceremonial manner by the people of Chaco in much the same way they were utized in Mesoamerica, exemplified by the amazing Macaw sash seen below at the museum at Edge of Cedars, NM.

Similarly, the remains of turkeys from what is now the Eastern U.S. were found at Chaco, a bird that also travels closely with their human counterpart. Seashells from the coasts were found, in addition to turquoise from all over North America. As our Hopi friends Ramson Lomatewama and Bertram Tsavadawa allude to in this episode, Chaco was a central place for many indigenous peoples – the Hopi, Laguna, Acoma, Zuni and others, some of whom still make pilgrimages to the ancient site today.

Paquime
Paquime

Dave points out the small rooms around the perimeter of Pueblo Bonito at Chaco Canyon that were used as aviaries to house the aforementioned birds, in which their remains were found. At Paquime (Casa Grande), a site south of Chaco in Northern Mexico that arose in the 1300s as Chaco declined, the ancients added holes to the aviaries for the birds to pop their heads through thus extending their lives. Paquime appears to be another site where people from Mesoamerica interacted regularly with Indians of the Southwest, with clear signs of both cultures in the symbolism and architecture employed there.

Trade was certainly an aspect of both Paquime and Chaco Canyon that would’ve drawn masses from miles around, and there are many people who contend that this was Chaco’s primary function as a site. However, the magnitude, alignment and purpose of the structures at Chaco suggest ceremonial priority and focus on the heavens. Chaco’s structures were aligned to Summer and Winter solstices, Vernal and Autumnal equinoxes, and the 18.6 year Lunar Standstill or Metonic cycle. From the grandeur of Pueblo Bonito to many ceremonial Kivas and even the roadways themselves, the people of Chaco Canyon appear to have been focused primarily on spiritual endeavors.

In this episode Dave notes the obvious similarities between Chaco’s Great North Road and the ancient spiritual roads of the Maya called Sac Be. Both are raised and both are approximately the same width. Both required incredible amounts of manpower, but unlike the flat realm of the Maya the builders of Chaco’s roadways had to ascend cliffs and navigate challenging rocky topography while maintaining precise direction. Anna Sofaer’s Solstice Project comments that the roads of Chaco were extensively over-engineered considering their limited use, and that trade does not appear to have been their purpose. Furthermore, several pockets of pottery shards were found at specific locations along the road suggesting that it had a ceremonial purpose.

Bertram explains in this episode that Hopi ceremony is directed at maintaining balance and promoting the continuation of all living things on earth. The Hopi pray for all humans and have throughout time. The Hisatsinom ancestors of the Hopi may have assembled at Chaco to participate in an egalitarian society conducting ceremonies for such benevolent reasons. However, at some point it appears that a negative influence emerged at Chaco unleashing a campaign of terror and oppression. This, coupled with extreme drought led many to flee Chaco beginning around 1150 AD. Kivas were burned and sealed to hide their secrets and the site was eventually left to the winds. Where did the people of Chaco go?

Many appear to have established smaller communities throughout the Southwest such as Canyon de Chelly in 1200 AD. Hisatsinom villages built during and after Chaco’s decline such as White House at Canyon de Chelly were often built in difficult-to-reach and easily-defended locations like canyons and cliffs. This kind of defensive approach indicates that there was something nasty out there for these people to defend themselves from. The fact that we see these villages popping up in different geographic locations throughout the Southwest during the same time period indicates that these peoples may have all been fleeing the same negative force. A force which may have originated at Chaco Canyon. Whatever they feared, the refugees from Chaco may have traveled much further than the Southwest to escape it.

Fajada Butte Sun Dagger Calendar
How the Bajada Butte Sun Dagger Calendar at Chaco Canyon Works – But Why Choose 19 Grooves in the Spiral?

Geologist John Anton recently found signs that the diaspora from Chaco may have stretched to the Northeast. Anton found an ancient solstice calendar in Gettysburg, PA that utilizes a shaft of light interacting with a petroglyph stone, much like the ancient Hisatsinom calendars of the Southwest exemplified by the famous “sun dagger” calendar on Fajada Butte at Chaco Canyon. In addition to Summer and Winter solstices, the Gettysburg calendar at “Devil’s Den” tracks the Pleiades and Sirius – two important celestial bodies to many indigenous peoples, including the Hopi.

Only Existing Photo of Gettysburg Calendar with Stolen Petroglyph Stone, Courtesy John Anton
Only Existing Photo of Gettysburg Calendar with Stolen Petroglyph Stone, Courtesy John Anton

Unfortunately when Anton notified park officials of the petroglyph stone, it was mysteriously “stolen by a tourist” the day Anton was slated to meet with them on site. Similarly, a skull found on a Gettysburg farm that Smithsonian skeletal expert Doug Owsley found to belong to a young Pueblo Indian man from Arizona or New Mexico circa 1300 AD (just following Chaco’s demise) has mysteriously disappeared. Some of the people of Chaco may have moved East to exchange knowledge with the indigenous people of that region such as the Susquehannock, but it seems that there are folks in positions of authority in Gettysburg who wish this to remain unknown. What we do know of the Susquehannock is that they were very tall people, and they practiced cannibalism. Interestingly, the group that may have introduced darkness to Chaco Canyon shares some of these characteristics.

Author Gary A. David posits that the elite presence that may have seized control at Chaco could’ve been a bloodthirsty, power-mongering group from Mexico called the Chichimeca or Chichimecs – a group known to practice ritual human sacrifice and cannibalism. This would certainly provide an explanation for stories and evidence of cannibalism, sacrifice and mass murder in the ancient U.S. Southwest, and there is compelling evidence tying the Chichimecs to the darkness that appeared at Chaco. But more on that in Episode 10.

Whatever drew people to make the arduous trek to Chaco Canyon by the thousands, it must’ve been amazing. Rob captures our thoughts on Chaco Canyon best as follows, as we recap a day among the ancient ones around the campfire:

We’ll share more on the Chichimecs and Chaco Canyon in Episode 10. We’ll also be dropping a (figurative) bomb from the indigenous descendants of the people of Chaco Canyon – something that to our knowledge has never been captured on video. Stay tuned!

Kiva Secrets

In this episode we expand our exploration of the subterranean ceremonial chambers called Kivas employed by the pueblo peoples of the Southwest U.S. We also question the existence and purpose of our culture’s secret societies today, which may not literally be subterranean but are definitely “underground.”

Casa Rinconada, Chaco Canyon Great Kivas
Casa Rinconada, Great Kiva, Chaco Canyon

Kivas are sacred places where members of specific clans, phratries or groups gather to perform ritual and ceremony. They’re similar in many ways to the private chambers of clubs such as the Freemasons, Skull & Bones society, fraternities and other clandestine societies, though as Dave notes in the episode they certainly don’t host keg stands. Kivas can be circular like the many ancient kivas of Chaco Canyon, or square like those employed by the Hopi today. A hole in the top of each kiva allows participants to enter and exit via ladder, and provides a clear view of the celestial bodies above that drive certain ceremonies.

Kivas are used for many things, passing oral tradition among them. As our friend Bertram Tsavadawa explains in this episode Hopi creation myth is actually built into kivas, with levels representing the four worlds the Hopi have existed through to date. A replica of the Sipapuni is placed in the floor to remind the Hopi of the sacred reed that enabled their emergence into this, the fourth world. The appearance of a reed in Hopi tradition echoes the many “places of reeds” we come across in many other ancient cultures including the Maya and Egyptians. As far as using the telephone game analogy to discount the validity of oral tradition, it’s pretty tough to forget something that is built into your very existence.

It’s really no surprise that the occupants of Chaco Canyon chose to burn and seal their kivas prior to leaving the site, removing all the elaborate paintings from the plastered interiors and keeping future visitors from uncovering secret ceremonial practices. Whatever it was that the people of Chaco were fleeing, it must’ve been perceived as quite threatening to go to such an extent. Did mass ceremony at Chaco awaken dark forces? Did a strong central polity emerge, using fear to oppress the masses? From what were these people running in such a hurry?

Skull and Bones Society, modern kivas
Skull & Bones Society

Secret societies today enable our decision-makers and power brokers to act in private, keeping information from the public. In some cases this can be explained as merely keeping citizens on a “need to know” basis, free of details that are truly unnecessary to our daily lives. However, in many cases it appears these societies are keeping us from information about our past that is critical to our understanding of who we are as humans – information that definitely falls under “need to know.” After all, how can we possibly understand who we are today and where we need to be tomorrow without a firm understanding of who we were and where we came from?

While this information seems benign it is apparently threatening to some, including many of the people we enlist to teach us about our past. Our attempt to ask the rangers of Chaco Canyon about a mysterious petroglyph was stonewalled with an explanation that is tough to stomach – that the clearly-apparent man-made glyph was a “naturally occurring marking.”  Sadly this effort to conceal knowledge is appearing with regularity.

Petroglyph Stone "Stolen" from Gettysburg Site
Petroglyph Stone “Stolen” from Gettysburg Site

On our recent trip to interview John Anton regarding two ancient stone calendars near Gettysburg, PA we were consistently road-blocked by “authorities.” For starters, the petroglyph stone John found under one of the calendars was mysteriously taken right after John alerted local archaeologists to its existence. In fact it disappeared the very morning John was scheduled to meet them on site, leaving John studying a dew outline of where the rock once sat. At least he got a photo. According to said archaeologist, “tourists must have taken it this morning.” That’s a pretty odd coincidence considering the stone had likely sat there undisturbed for centuries prior.

While in PA we intended to hunt down the human skull found nearby, which was dated by Smithsonian expert Doug Owsley to be at least 700 years old and belonging to the as-of-yet unfound body of a young indigenous man from the U.S. Southwest. This is an incredible potential tie-in to Chaco Canyon, considering the Fajada Butte sun dagger calendar is very similar to the Devil’s Den petroglyph calendar found by John. When I called to inquire about the skull I was directed to an association that supposedly had it in their possession, but had no idea of its

Curious Stones dolmen, Gettysburg PA
Curious Stones, Gettysburg PA – Natural Formation?

whereabouts. Additional calls were made to other entities with no returns, so we drove to the Adams County Historical Society to see if it might be there. We were then treated to what could best be described as a poignantly comical discussion with the society director, who went to great lengths to discredit both the skull and the calendars despite his lack of expertise (or interest) in any applicable field of study. He exclaimed with great conviction his belief that the ancient calendars were nothing but natural rock formations, despite the fact that geologic processes could not be responsible for the current positions of their stones – according to John Anton, a professional geologist. Said director also humorously explained that he was sure the skull was a fake because he had “seen the tag.” The tag. Seriously!

Independent researchers Jason Jarrel and Sarah Farmer have dedicated the past 7 years to date diving into academic research compiled by many entities over hundreds of years. Their only goal was to learn about the ancient mound building cultures of the Midwest that their history courses hadn’t explained to them, and what they found was far more. They have discovered blatant efforts on behalf of the Smithsonian to prevent our knowledge of the existence of many extremely large human skeletons that have been found throughout the nation by Smithsonian field agents, buried in ritualistic fashion under mounds of earth. We will share this research and more in upcoming episodes. Why would the entities we entrust to educate us go to such lengths to prevent us from understanding our past?

Ceremonial Offerings, Che Chem Ha, Belize
Ceremonial Pottery Offerings, Che Chem Ha, Belize

In this episode we also touch on the practice of breaking pottery for spiritual purposes. The Hopi would break pottery before offering it to deities or passed ancestors. Similarly the Maya would place what is called a “kill hole” in the bottom of pottery before offering it to ancestors or gods, making the vessels unusable on this human plane. They often placed pottery offerings in caves, which they saw as direct access points to the underworld (Xibalba) where the ancestors and gods live. This ceremonial practice of not only breaking pottery, but entering the earth to conduct ceremony is similar to the Hopi entering the subterranean kiva to conduct their ceremonies. As we have recently learned, there are many ceremonial practices of the ancient mound building cultures of the U.S. that are similar to both these peoples, and also to the ancient folks of the United Kingdom – where we’re headed to learn more soon. Ancient peoples throughout the world employed subterranean power places like kivas to commune with spirit – Are these locations access points to other planes?

In the meantime we ponder the shared practices of the Hopi and Maya, and wonder why our power brokers insist on obscuring our accounts of history. Whatever these people are trying to prevent us from learning, it must be substantial. Who is behind it all, and why?

Prophecies Align

In this episode we are joined in the field by author Gary A. David, who takes us to an ancient Hopi petroglyph panel at Homolovi, a Hisatsinom (ancient Hopi) village near Winslow AZ. The panel features an ancient star map of the cosmos, where we stop with Gary to discuss Hopi cosmology and prophecies. Prophecies that appear to be aligning with other ancient prophecies of the Maya, ancient Egyptians and Hindu, and even the Bible.

While a single spiral petroglyph indicates migratory departure or arrival of the ancient Hopi or Hisatsinom related to a specific location, a double spiral or whirlpool glyph is viewed as the “gate to Massa’u’s house.” Massa’u is the Hopi deity of the earth and underworld, and he does not exist on this earthly plane. So, in other words, a double-spiral marks a place at which one could access the realm of Massa’u via a gateway or portal to another plane. This reference to moving between planes is viewed as fantastic in Western society, but is quite common in ancient cultures.

The Maya view entering a cave as entering their underworld, Xibalba, the place where ancestors and gods reside. Stories of the Puerto de Hayu Marca or “Gate of the Gods” in Bolivia claim that shamen would insert a gold disk into a circular depression in the rock to open a doorway to other planes. Will such a gateway open at one of these locations to allow the prophetic return of a savior of sorts, much like the second coming of Christ?

We revisit Hopi end-times prophecies in this episode and ponder their similarities to other prophecies including those of the Bible. The Hopi await the return of Pahana, the True White Brother or Elder Brother, an aged white man from the East who will come to meet Younger Brother and usher in the purification. Younger Brother here is used as a reference to the indigenous peoples of North America, including the Hopi. The purification will take place under the red sign of Elder Brother, who originally travelled East to develop spirituality and will return to unite the world under one religion incorporating Younger Brother’s stewardship of the earth. Odd isn’t it, that an indigenous dark-skinned people would place a white man in their ancient legends despite supposedly never having been able to see one prior to the 1400s.

Rosicrucian Cross Symbol, in Many Prophecies
Rosicrucian Cross Symbol

Some presume the “red sign” of Elder Brother to be a reference to the red rose cross of the Rosicrucians – an ancient order of mystics that officially banded in the 16th century AD. The Rosicrucian cross pre-dates Christianity, as do the mystic areas of Rosicrucian study which developed from esoteric teachings of the ancient Egyptians circa 1500 BC. Rosicrucians profess to be a mystical society interested in the metaphysical laws governing the universe. The Cross in the Rosicrucian symbol represents the human body, the rose represents the human’s unfolding consciousness. Such a practice would certainly fit the bill as suitable “religion” for Elder Brother to unite us under, meshing equal parts spirituality and science, sans dogma.

Like the Hopi the Nahuatl people who frequented Teotihuacan in today’s Mexico also await the return of an aged white man to usher in the Sixth Era, the human embodiment of the plumed serpent god Quetzalcoatl (Kukulkhan to the Maya). Many claim this is the result of indigenous contact with early missionaries attempting to assimilate the natives, but these legends are much older than the supposed first glimpse of Christianity-pimping caucasians in the Americas in the late 1400s. So are tales of Polynesian God Lono, also a white male. In fact just as Cortez was mistaken by the Aztecs as white male god Quetzalcoatl, some think Captain James Cook’s disappearance may have been tied to Hawaiians mistaking his appearance as the return of Lono.

The White Feather or Blue Star prophecy that some Hopi adhere to alleges that there are 9 signs leading to the purification, and as we have covered in previous episodes 8 of them appear to have come to pass (some believe the 9th has passed as well, though ceremony at Hopi continues as of the date of publication making this impossible). The Hopi hold high regard for the blue 6-pointed star or Star of David, and many Hopi claim they are descendants of the Jews who apply that symbolism. In fact the Hopi, Cherokee and other American Indians were generally assumed to be remnants of the “lost tribes of Israel” for hundreds of years after caucasians arrived on the continent – even into the early 1900s. What if they are?

We also mention the Hopi Life Plan in this episode, inscribed on Prophecy Rock.

Two Life Paths of Hopi Life Plan, Hopi Prophecies
Two Life Paths of Hopi Life Plan

According to the Life Plan, all people including the Hopi will face a decision to follow a path adherent to the earth and all living things, or one steeped in the materialism we embrace in our society today. All of humanity will then split. Those who choose the latter path (those shown on the upper line in the image to the left) are depicted as “two-hearts,” or materialistic people who are living a life in opposition to the earth and all living things, and some confused one-hearts are among them. These “two-heart” folks who embrace greed are going to have a very difficult path ahead, depicted as a jagged line in front of them in the image to the left. Those who live simply and follow the path of the “good Massa’u,” depicted in the image as an aged man with a crook-shaped planting stick walking into the future on the lower line, will live a long peaceful existence in harmony with the earth. As Gary alludes to in this episode the time to choose a path is upon us now. Interestingly Hopi Elder Grandfather Martin Gashweseoma, one of four Hopi elders entrusted with sharing Hopi prophecies with the world, asserts that there used to be a continuance of the jagged upper line around the corner of the stone that has mysteriously disappeared since he’s been visiting the petroglyph. Is someone or something showing us that the path of the wicked is getting shorter?

Hollywood Got It All Wrong...Except Perhaps the Mayhem of the Prophecies
Hollywood Got It All Wrong…Except Perhaps the Impending Mayhem

It’s tough to take any prophecies seriously anymore considering all the grandiose predictions and Nostradomic assertions that have failed to come to pass in recent years. Remember all the excessive hoopla over the end of the 13th Baktun of the Maya calendar on December 21, 2012? What a load of crap we got served over that one. Anyone who took the time to look beyond Hollywood’s ridiculousness understood December 21, 2012 as the end of a major cycle of the Maya calendar, and thus the beginning of another. This date marked the end of the fifth era of the Maya which began on August 13, 3113BC and lasted 144,000 days. When the solstice of December 21, 2012 took place, the axis of the earth was pointed directly into the center of our universe, completing a 25,920-year precession of equinox. This time period also marks – almost exactly – the time it takes our solar system to circle the Pleiades, a 7-star constellation which the Maya believe to be their home.

7 Stars of the Pleiades, in many prophecies
7 Stars of the Pleiades, a “Crook” Shape

The Hopi view the Pleiades as their place of origin as well, and both peoples see our current existence as a time of great change and transition. The Bible may agree. There are 3 direct references to the Pleiades in the Old Testament of the Bible, and one potential indirect reference from Revelation 1:16 in the New Testament. The Revelation mention describes a vision of the coming of the Messiah, who appears holding seven stars in his right hand. It may not be coincidence that some biblical scholars claim that armageddon is on the way as we enter the Age of Aquarius – some suggest it is approaching quite rapidly.

Interestingly Hindu people mark this time as the end of the Kali Yuga, which some see ending as soon as 2025. The Kali Yuga is the last and darkest of the four Yuga cycles of each major earth epoch, and it is followed by the appearance of destructor god Shiva who comes to cleanse the earth. After Shiva mops the place up we will begin the Dwapara Yuga, which puts us back on a path to great peace and evolution. The Golden Age! This Kali Yuga reportedly began in 3102BD, pretty close to the beginning of the last cycle of the Maya calendar that began in 3113BC. Coincidence?

Like the Hindu, both the Hopi and Maya see major earth cataclysms coming as part of the transition into the next age, similar in many ways to the description of the apocalypse in the Bible. How are these accounts so similar to those of the Bible at a time at least 2,000 years before anyone was capable of crossing the Atlantic? Despite the distance, according to Grandfather Martin it is no mistake: Hopi prophecy and Biblical prophecy are indeed referencing the same event.

It has been nearly 26,000 years since all these cycles aligned in this way; the first time in our lifetimes that such compelling circumstantial evidence exists to support theories suggesting an end-times event. These prophecies not only align with each other but just happen to align at a time that is arguably the darkest hour of human existence on this planet. We may have technology but we step on each other to chase false materialistic signs of success, kill each other and the earth for corporations, and allow our poor and indigent neighbors to die hungry and homeless so we can buy overpriced coffee on the way to jobs designed to perpetuate the wealth of the wealthy. Considering the deplorable nature of society today it’s tough not to take these prophecies seriously. Especially if you believe that human life is in some way the result of divine benevolent creation.

Axial Precession of the Earth, in Many Prophecies
Axial Precession of the Earth

To assume that all ancient prophecies are nonsense is ignorant bravado fueled by socialization, a symptom of our sickness. These ancient prophecies are rooted in spiritual and celestial cycles that are intimately related to the earth, and cycles repeat. Those who maintain relationships with the earth and spirit and convey oral traditions would know these cycles, those of us with our noses in celebrity tabloids would not. While we see the earth as nothing but a source of resources to feed our greed for accumulation, our indigenous brothers and sisters have enjoyed an intimate symbiotic relationship with her for thousands of years. Perhaps it’s our perceived lack of roots and connection that gives us our dangerously egomaniacal attitude toward the environment, it certainly doesn’t stem from intelligence. We’ve had the technology to implement safe, efficient long-term solutions to all our societal ills for years, but prefer to allow our two-heart “leaders” to continue miss-managing, over-producing and promoting scarcity to keep us towing the line.

We crank out GMOs under the guise of increasing agricultural production, yet the ancient farming and breeding techniques employed by indigenous peoples have proven to be far more effective – and far less harmful. Our clean water supply is dwindling and there are millions of people in dyer need of it, yet we continue using billions of gallons to extract natural gas via fracking; dumping chemicals into the water table in the process to poison the rest. We buy water in plastic containers that require a poop-load of petroleum and three times the water they contain to produce. Anyone thinking we can continue living this way without repercussions has an agenda, and it’s not in line with humanity.

Lake Mead: Shrinking Daily, prophecies
Lake Mead: Shrinking Daily

We are on the verge of what NASA calls a “Mega-Drought” that will last 30+ years, and we are not at all prepared to deal with it. There are plans in motion now to remove the Glen Canyon dam holding back the rapidly-shrinking Lake Powell reservoir in Northeast AZ in order to re-fill Lake Mead outside Las Vegas, another huge reservoir that is dangerously low. This is not a long-term solution, this is a shell game. Reducing allocations is the only way to save the Colorado River but our nation is run by lawyers and corporations, so we’re going to continue to allow short-term corporate profiteering to out-weigh long-term human needs. There is only one thing more painful than watching this train wreck ramble on – two words: Disney cruise.

While it may very well be too late for our “civilization,” it’s not too late to take responsibility for our own lives and join Younger Brother in establishing a healthy relationship with the earth. Our government doesn’t seem to care at all about our welfare and neither do the corporations running it that are profiting from our situation – arguably one in the same entity. If we want to survive we need to learn from our ancient ancestors, who learned long ago from the same mistakes we are making now.

Those who follow the path of the good Massa’u remain adherent to the directions he gave the Hopi upon their emergence into this, the fourth world. Massa’u told the Hopi if they could find him at the center place and live simply like him, in accordance with the earth and all living things, they could live there peacefully in perpetuity. Hopi society has been living peacefully in their center place on the Hopi Mesas for more than 1,000 years to this day. As we stop to celebrate the 240th birthday of the United States we may also want to stop to consider a very simple and readily apparent truth: Due to our rampant exploitation of each other and the planet, our nation will very likely not see 300.

Hopi Connections

Diving into our explorations of Chaco Canyon, we look into the Hisatsinom ancestors of the Hopi who exerted the tremendous effort necessary to build such a magnificent place. What inspired them to build these grand structures and perform ceremony on such a large scale? How did they suddenly gain the knowledge to build and worship this way?

With the help of Gary A. David we learn about the Hopi deity Massa’u, god of the earth and death who greeted the Hopi when they emerged into this, the fourth world, from the reed or “Sipapuni.” Massa’u directed the Hopi to circle the earth in all directions prior to finding their “center place” on the Hopi Mesas of Northern Arizona, where they have lived for more than 1,000 years to this day. Hopi clans explored the earth in all directions, arriving at the Mesas from different directions, at different times, with different histories. Oddly we find signs of the Hisatsinom ancestors of the Hopi in many other seemingly disparate cultures around the world, in places history class tells us they could never have been. Clan symbols denote their presence, spirals mark departures and arrivals en route to migratory goals.

Ancient Egyptian God Osiris
Ancient Egyptian God Osiris

Massa’u oversees the earth and death, and like the ancient Egyptian god Osiris and Maya god Hun Hunaphu is associated with agriculture – specifically grain. All three gods are intimately connected with the constellation Orion. The ancient Egyptians saw Orion as the realm of Osiris and location of the Du’at, a purgatory of sorts the soul passes through on the way to a field of reeds called Aaru which was their conception of “heaven.” Aaru may be the source of “places of reeds” as sacred to some ancient cultures including the Maya, though many claim this is merely a reference to a large city. Is it coincidence that the Hopi emerged from a reed? That in the Bible Moses was sent adrift on a raft of reeds? That many ancient cultures claim to have escaped deluge cataclysms on reed rafts? That the ancient Uros people of Lake Titicaca still live on reed rafts today?

The Maya revere the Orion constellation as well, aligning their earliest structures in triadic formations to honor Orion’s 3 belt stars an often depicting the belt stars as the 3 diamond shapes on a turtle’s back. This may have come to them from the builders of Teotihuacan in the North, who aligned the 3 pyramids of Teotihuacan to Orion’s belt stars. The K’iche’ Maya people still refer to a triad of three bright stars forming a triangle in the bottom half of Orion as “the hearth stones”, and the hazy area below Orion’s belt is called “the smoke from the hearth.” NASA refers to this region as the Orion Nebula, or M42 – and it just happens to be a very active area.

The Maya also revere the center star of the Pleiades, Alcyone, as the home of their ancestors. The Hopi claim the Pleiades to be home as well, and each year the 7-star cluster begins to shine the Two-Horn society celebrates. The Two-Horn society of the Hopi is a sacred group entrusted with keeping and conveying the knowledge of the 3 previous worlds, and communicating between realms. Is it odd that the ancient Egyptians revered the Pleiades as well, as the “seven female judges of mankind” who would assess the dead prior to reaching Aaru? The crook is a symbol of power in many ancient cultures, including the Hopi and ancient Egyptians. The 7 stars of the Pleiades form a crook. But enough on the Pleiades for now, back to Orion.

Hisatsinom Orion Correlation, Courtesy of Gary A. David
Hopi Orion Correlation, Courtesy of Gary A. David

As Gary A. David has found there is a 1:1 correlation between many ancient Hopi villages throughout Nevada, Arizona and New Mexico and all the stars of Orion. The 3 Hopi Mesas represent the belt stars, and Sirius – the dog at Orion’s feet, a star also revered by the ancient Egyptians – represents Chaco Canyon. It’s difficult to imagine the kind of effort and technique that had to be employed to complete this correlation, let alone the motivation.

Hopi Snake and Antelope Priests Perform Snake Dance
Hopi Snake and Antelope Priests Perform Snake Dance

The Hopi, Maya and ancient Egyptians understand upper and lower worlds as interconnected and to some degrees, inter-reliant. Every two years the Snake and Antelope Clans of the Hopi perform the Snake Dance. Dave incorrectly states in this episode that the Snake Dance is performed every year – it is not. He’s old and forgetful, that grey hair doesn’t lie. While the Snake Dance draws international attention for the perceived danger with which the Snake Priests handle venomous serpents in their mouths, we find the purpose of the ceremony of more interest. With the Snake Dance the Hopi are sending prayers to the serpents, who will carry those prayers to their ancestors and gods in the underworld. Performed in the Autumn this would place those prayers on the underworld inhabitants during the Spring, when their planting season begins and rain is critical. How cool is that?

Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacan
Plumed Serpent on Temple of Quetzalcoatl, Teotihuacan

As Gary A. David notes there are potentially several signs of the Hopi Snake Clan throughout the world. The Nagas of India, the Brotherhood of the Snake from ancient Egypt, the serpent-venerating mound builders (Serpent Mound), the serpent-worshipping Maya and Nahuatl peoples of Mesoamerica (Kukulkahn, Quetzalcoatl), and many more examples exist as possible sources and/or influencers of the Snake Clan. We will strive to learn more about this as soon as Gary is willing to endure us again.

In the meantime, we find acknowledgment of interrelated and interacting upper and lower worlds in many ancient cultures including the Egyptians, Maya, and Celtic peoples. We also see this in the ancient mound building cultures that once dominated the Midwest and Southeast U.S. that we’ve explored on our recent road trips. Ancient burial mounds were venerated as portals through which connection was made with upper and lower realms, and it seems that many are still quite active. Cross-

Criel Mound, Charleston WV
Criel Mound, Charleston WV

section views of some ceremonial burial mounds show that people – presumably playing a “priestly” role would enter the mound at a low point and walk up through the top, signifying a spiritual ascendance. The ancient Maya used the same choreography in emerging atop their temples and using caves, as did the ancient Hopi who placed secret entrances under ceremonial structures to facilitate the spectacle. Were they all merely honoring upper and lower realms, or were they actively communicating with them in these sacred places? Were all these ancient cultures related?

We’re on the Road2Ruins to find out, Join the Journey!

All Roads to Chaco

In this episode we reach the breathtaking ruins of Chaco Canyon in present day New Mexico, an amazing archaeological site with several mysteries yet to unravel.

Chaco Canyon was a major ceremonial and trade center for thousands of people from thousands of miles away. All roads led to Chaco, a very important site from it’s inception in 850AD to it’s sudden decline and abandonment around 1150AD. Small groups of hunter-gatherers inhabited Chaco Canyon for more than 8,000 thousand years prior to the mid 800s when the people of Chaco suddenly gained the inclination and ability to build massive multi-story structures and ceremonial chambers called Kivas aligned to celestial events. Chaco sits on the same 33rd degree parallel as other important ancient sites including Etowah Mounds in GA, Poverty Point in LA, the Intaglios of CA, the convergence of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in present-day Iraq and the white pyramid of X’ian China. Who intervened at Chaco to convey this knowledge and initiate the building process, and why did they choose this particular location?

T-Shaped Pillar, Gobekli Tepe
T-Shaped Pillar, Gobekli Tepe

Kivas were built at a rate of approximately 1 per 30 rooms at Chaco, with each of dozens of great houses at Chaco containing 100-800 rooms. Among hundreds of smaller kivas are 21 larger Great Kivas capable of hosting major events. Two great kivas – Casa Rinconada and Kin Nahasbas – were separated from the great houses, others like Chetro Ketl were incorporated into them. Casa Rinconada has 28 square-foot niches around the perimeter, suggesting a lunar inclination. Some great kivas like Casa Rinconada share the “T” shape windows and doorways we find in several of Chaco’s great houses. We also see the “T” shape appear repeatedly in the structures of other seemingly disparate groups of ancient peoples like the Maya, who see the “T” shape as the tree of life connecting the upper, lower and earth planes – in other words, a portal. The “T” shape was also used by ancient Egyptians, ancient people of Peru, ancient Celts and the builders of Gobekli Tepe in present-day Turkey – interestingly also a circular subterranean ceremonial enclosure, much like a kiva. Gary A. David also points out the existence of ancient circular subterranean structures in a town in Uzbekistan, oddly called “Khiva.”

The dozens of great houses at Chaco required the use of an estimated 240,000 trees from forests 50-70 miles away and thousands of tons of stone. This indicates the existence of a strong central polity, a significant shared belief, or both. Many posit that the destruction of these forests may have contributed to drought conditions associated with Chaco’s decline, much like the self-destructive story of the Maya told by Dr. Jaime Awe. Unlike the Maya however, the people of Chaco didn’t use a lot of mortar, conserving their prized resource – water. Considering the Maya drought conditions heightened in 750-800AD, it’s not a stretch to consider the founders of Chaco were Maya who may have learned their lesson regarding resource management.

The great houses of Chaco were oriented to allow line of sight communication, and were often aligned to cardinal directions and solar & lunar cycles. The people of Chaco employed sophisticated astronomical markers such as the famous sun dagger petroglyph on Fajada Butte, similar to others found elsewhere in the

Temple Mound "A" at Etowah Mounds, GA
Temple Mound “A” at Etowah Mounds, GA

Southwest and beyond. They also constructed water control devices and several formal earthen mounds surrounding primary structures that many see as ceremonial – not the trash middens they were previously believed to be. This is intriguing in that it echoes the mound-building practices of the cultures inhabiting the Midwest and Southeast regions of North America at the time – cultures we have just investigated for upcoming episodes. Is there a connection between the mound builders and the ancient pueblo cultures? Are the ancient cultures of North America directly related to the Maya?

Chaco’s sphere of influence was extensive. To date more than 186 miles of roads like the Great North Road have been found emanating from Chaco in all directions, connecting more than 150 great houses throughout the region much like the sacred roads of the ancient Maya called Sacbes. High points have been found along sight lines with remnants of burned matter and mica suggesting their use as signal towers to bring in the masses. Because very little evidence has been found at Chaco to support a significant full-time population, it is thought that the great houses were not traditional farming villages but rather impressive public monuments that were used periodically during times of ceremony, commerce, and trading when temporary populations hit the canyon for these events.

Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon
Pueblo Bonito, Chaco Canyon

Many indigenous peoples acknowledge ancestral ties to Chaco Canyon including the Hopi, Acoma, Zuni and Laguna Pueblo peoples. While the National Park Service claims “Chaco is central to the origins of several Navajo clans and ceremonies,” they do not explain how this can be considering the Navajo didn’t arrive in this region until the mid 1100s – nor do they explain that the Navajo are not a Pueblo culture. This is a common source of confusion throughout the Southwest, at sites such as “Navajo National Monument” which contain the ruins of ancient pueblo villages (Betatkin and Keet Seel) built by Histatsinom ancestors of the Pueblo peoples, not the Athabaskan ancestors of the Navajo. Perhaps some clans of the Navajo interbred and adopted Pueblo beliefs?

Pueblo descendants say that Chaco Canyon was a special gathering place where many peoples and clans converged to share ceremonies, traditions, and knowledge. They also seem to concur that dark forces were awoken at Chaco prior to its decline in the mid 1100s. Perhaps this would explain why the people of Chaco burned and sealed their kivas on the way out, protecting their sacred oral traditions from an intervening force. Pueblo villages built during and after Chaco’s end are built in cliffs and other easily defensible areas, suggesting people were running from something big and bad. There is evidence of some very nasty stuff going on in and around Chaco, as Gary A. David alludes to in this episode.

Naturally Occurring Markings, According to the NPS
Naturally Occurring Markings, According to the NPS

Researchers have found signs of peoples from far away lands at Chaco, including the remains of Scarlet Macaws and Cacao from Mesoamerica, turkeys from what is now the Eastern United States, and 111 special cylinder jars suggesting an elite presence. There are some who claim that Chaco houses a hidden library of ancient knowledge that has yet to be discovered. We found an interesting petroglyph at Chaco that the NPS rangers on site refused to acknowledge, explaining it as “naturally occurring markings.” Why would they work so hard to keep us from understanding this site?

Whoever intervened to inspire and direct the construction of Chaco Canyon, called Yupkoyvi by the Hopi (a reference to subterranean rooms), they were well-organized and had an overwhelming urge to enact the axiom “as above, so below.” Was a benevolent egalitarian culture overcome by oppressive interlopers, or was this gargantuan effort rooted in darkness from day one?

We’re on the Road2Ruins to Chaco Canyon to find out, join the journey!

Celestial Hopi Blood?

In this episode we begin to ponder Hopi connection to the stars, and the potential influence of extra terrestrial and celestial sources on Hopi culture – do the Hopi people have celestial blood?

As author and researcher Gary A. David mentions, Hopi culture includes an integral ongoing relationship with supernatural spirit beings called Katsinas. Each year the kastinas fly from their home on the San Francisco Peaks near Flagstaff, Arizona to the Hopi Mesas on “flying shields” to assist the Hopi with agriculture and other pursuits. This rings similar to many accounts told by disparate cultures around the globe including the ancient Hindu Vedic accounts of beings traveling on flying “vimanas.” Perhaps not so surprisingly Flagstaff is an active area for UFO sightings and has been for some time.

Each year the Hopi ceremonial cycle commences, featuring a series of Hopi Kachina dances. Men don masks to personify these supernatural beings and in the process temporarily take on the beings’ supernatural life-giving personas. The Hopi carve kachina and cradle dolls out of cottonwood trees to commemorate the Katsina beings and convey their nature to children.

Kachinas, Spirit Beings, celestial blood
Kachinas, Spirit Beings, Sources of Celestial Blood?

According to Hopi oral tradition Katsinas – celestial beings, not masked “kachina” dancers – have mated with Hopi women, meaning the Hopi of today carry celestial blood. This beckons biblical accounts of the sons of God (Nephilim) taking the daughters of men as suggested in Genesis 6:1-4. According to the Bible the nephilim were giant “men of renown” like the nasty one in the book of Samuel with 6 fingers on each hand and 6 toes on each foot. Odd isn’t it then, that we find petroglyphs throughout the Southwest of large anthropomorphic figures with 6 fingers and 6 toes. Yet more intriguing is the fact that a very large 6-toed skeleton was reportedly removed from underneath Pueblo Bonito at Chaco Canyon – where a petroglyph on the cliff wall behind the structure denotes a big 6-toed foot.

Nephilim - Sons of God, Daughters of Men
Nephilim Giants – Sons of God, Daughters of Men

The Bible also references, “there were giants on the earth in those days.” Moses supposedly sent spies to Caanan who returned with stories of encountering giant beings, and many ancient cultures speak to the presence of such men. The Nahuatl people of Mexico claim that giants known as the Quitzimenin built the pyramids of Teotihuacan, and many have posited that giant beings constructed other ancient monumental structures throughout the world. Recently we’ve come across a slew of research suggesting giant human beings existed in ancient North America where they were both feared and revered. In upcoming episodes we investigate the giant phenomena in much more detail, but the fact that these beings exist in the oral traditions of many indigenous North American groups including the ancient Puebloans is intriguing.

Dave mentions that the “ant friends” saved the Hopi from the 2nd world cataclysm of ice, but according to oral tradition they also helped the Hopi escape the first world cataclysm of fire by taking the Hopi underground. Realizing the extent of cave systems throughout the Americas and the existence of amazing underground cities like Darin Kuyu, oral tradition begins to take new meaning. But who were the “ant friends?”

As author Gary A. David notes, the Hopi words for “ant friend” are “anu” for ant and “naki” for friend. This sounds an awful lot like the name for the Sumerian gods called the “Anunaki,” or “those who from heaven to earth came.” One would suspect that these beings would in some way visually represent an ant, but was this really the result of ancient aliens or is there another explanation? Considering the many linguistic similarities Gary has identified between the Hopi and ancient Egyptians, perhaps the ant friends were Egyptians with deformed skulls. They could also have been the Maya or Paracus people of Peru, or any one of a number of ancient peoples who practiced cranial deformation that would’ve produced an ant-like appearance.

(Above Recreation of Elongated Paracus Skull from Peru by Marcia K. Moore)

Sego Canyon Pictographs - Ant Friends?
Sego Canyon Pictographs – Ant Friends?

Pictographs and petroglyphs have been found throughout the U.S. Southwest of anthropomorphic figures that evoke an other-worldly feeling with ant-like features, none more than those of Horseshoe Canyon. However, we know the Hisatsinom ancestors of the Hopi like many other ancient cultures had shamans who would utilize hallucinogens such as Datura and Peyote to journey, during which time they would jot down their visions on the nearest suitable rock face. Were these odd-looking pictographs and petroglyphs the result of physical interaction or shamanic journey?

Gary’s wonderful work correlating the stars of the orion constellation to ancient Hopi sites throughout the Southwest indicates that these people, like the Maya and Egyptians share a veneration of this celestial formation. Many academics dismiss the validity of such astrological correlations but Gary and the fifteen-year-old boy from Canada who recently discovered an ancient Maya city using nothing but Maya cosmology may disagree. “As above so below” appears to be a constant throughout the ancient world – was this merely because they were amazed enough by the stars in the sky to spend hundreds of years replicating them on the ground, or was there more behind this extensive undertaking?

We’re on the Road2Ruins to find out!

Hopi Hold the Key?

Seventeen years toiling through our so-called educational system and I just recently discovered the Hopi people. It’s difficult to put this failure of our educational system in proper perspective because there really isn’t precedence. In addition to being some of the most beautiful, engaging and hospitable people I have ever had the pleasure of encountering, the Hopi live an ancient history that could hold the key to understanding the existence of humans on this planet.

No, I’m not drunk.

Village of Walpi, Hopi First Mesa, early 1900s
Village of Walpi, Hopi First Mesa, Early 1900s

The Hopi or Hopisitu (“peaceful people”) are not a monolithic group in the sense of many other American Indian tribes such as the Apache or Navajo, they are comprised of many different clans that adhere to the Hopi way of life (no need for “commandments” here folks). Hopi oral tradition explains how these clans traveled the earth in all directions prior to finding their center place on three mesas in Northern Arizona where they have lived continuously for more than 1,000 years. Different clans traveled different directions, and Hopi oral history accounts for each clan arriving at the mesas at a different time, from a different place, with different knowledge to share.

While world-wide travel in ancient times may be a bitter pill to swallow for some, there are many signs indicating the Hopi completed this journey. The Hopi share many intriguing linguistic similarities with the ancient Egyptians and the petroglyphs they create have been found all over the world. When they hosted Tibetan monks a few years ago the monks pointed excitedly at a geometric petroglyph on the mesas and exclaimed, “home!” This stuff probably doesn’t happen by accident.

The Hopi are comprised of a matrilineal clerkship system in which clan blood is thicker than any. Each clan has a distinct role to play in the annual spiritual wheel and each clan maintains their own subterranean ceremonial chamber or kiva for private clan and secret society ceremony, ritual and gathering. Kind of like a fraternity without the keg stands. Kivas not only host ceremonies but help convey the oral history of the Hopi people as well in the way they are constructed. Each kiva has a hole in the center denoting the Sipapuni or place of emergence (which is described as a reed) with multiple levels portraying past incarnations of humans on earth. According to the Hopi (and Maya) a major cycle is ending and we are transitioning into the next era of human existence on earth – the fifth to the Hopi and sixth to the Maya. The entrance up the ladder through the hole in the top of the kiva represents entry into the fourth world of today, perhaps symbolic of jacob’s ladder into the Milky Way. Our friend Bertram Tsavadawa of the Corn Clan provides a much better explanation of a kiva below, featured in one of our upcoming episodes. 

Author Gary David has done some exceptional work researching Hopi linguistics and has found some very intriguing coincidences. Interestingly there’s an ancient city in Uzbekistan called “Khiva” that has been inhabited since 8000 BC that contains circular subterranean dwellings very similar to the Hopi “kiva.” The Hopi word “tawa” for “sun” is similar to the Tibetan word “dawa” for moon. The Hopi word “Sohu” means star (star of Orion usually), while the Egyptian word “Sahu” refers to the star gods of Orion. The Hopi claim to have been saved from past world cataclysms by the “ant friends,” which in Hopi language is “anu naki” (“ant friend”). This of course rings very similar to the Sumerian word “Annunaki” referring to a group of serpent gods literally as “they who from heaven to earth came.” Coincidence, or did ancient gods of the Sumerians save the Hopi at one time during their travels?

The Hopi and other pueblo peoples are migratory in nature, leaving clan symbols and spirals to mark their travels. Spirals have been found all over the world left by seemingly disparate groups of ancient humans, could they have been the same people? While we’re led to believe that all inhabitants of the Americas including the Hopi are descendants of peoples who crossed the Bering Sea Bridge (also referred to as “Beringia”), blood analysis confirms existence of the B Haplogroup among the Hopi challenging this theory. The B Haplogroup is shared by Turks, Mongols, Han Chinese, Indonesians, Koreans, Malaysians, Melanesians, Micronesians, Filipinos, Polynesians, Taiwanese, Thais, Tibetans, and Vietnamese. The B Haplogroup was distributed from Southeast Asia across the Pacific archipelagos into the Americas, and is most prominent among the Pueblo Indians of North America – though there is even a greater frequency of Haplogroup B in peoples of Central America, and an even greater frequency in South America. Many believe this indicates that the Hopi are descendants of the lost continent of Lemuria or Mu that supposedly sank into the Pacific around 12,000 years ago during a major deluge event that scientific research confirms.

Spiral Petroglyph, Bandelier National Monument, UT
Spiral Petroglyph, Bandelier National Monument, NM

Both the Hopi Pahana and Maya Quetzalcoatl are prophesied to return soon in the form of aged white males to help usher in the next cycle of human existence on earth. Why would the Hopi and Maya, two dark-skinned groups of people who were never supposed to have seen a white man prior to the late 1400s believe that a deity will return to them in the form of an aged caucasian male from the East to usher in the purification of the earth? How and why would the Hopi align ancient structures over hundreds of miles with the stars of the Orion constellation, just like sites of the ancient Egyptians?

The Hopi, like the Egyptians, Sumerians, Maya, Toltec and many advanced ancient cultures venerate a serpent deity in the “horned water serpent.” Their clans assembled over time in what they claim is the center of the earth or omphalos where they met their earth deity Masaaw and agreed to live simply there in harmony with the earth. The Hopi interact with star beings called Katsinas who visit them from the San Francisco Peaks near Flagstaff, Arizona annually on “flying shields” to help them with a variety of things including the ancient dry farming techniques that many Hopi still employ today. This interaction with other-wordy beings is not dissimilar to accounts in ancient Hindu scriptures of Vimanas, or the descending gods of the Maya.

Hopi Men Imprisoned by US Government in 1894 for Refusing to Allow Their Children to be Assimilated by our Lackluster Educational System
Hopi Men Imprisoned by US Government in 1894 for Refusing to Allow Their Children to be Assimilated by our Lackluster Educational System

Like most indigenous peoples the Hopi have endured years of unthinkable treatment from the U.S. government. They’ve also had plenty of trouble from their neighbors, who are still at it, chasing the almighty dollar in building a massive abomination of a “resort” on the cliffs above the most sacred of all Hopi sites – the Sipapuni or place of emergence. They’re also operating a few dirty coal plants to help Peabody Coal sap what little is left of the Hopi Aquifer. But I digress…

The Sipapuni or place of emergence of the Hopi is described as a reed – a plant that is also mentioned prominently in ancient Egpytian, Sumerian, and Toltec myth among many others. Interestingly reeds are also mentioned in the Bible, as Moses was set adrift on a reed raft. “Places of reeds” are regarded by many cultures including the ancient Egyptians and Maya as places of gathering, higher learning and/or mysticism. Reed rafts are described as the primary means of escape for many ancient cultures from the last world-wide deluge, which may explain why the Uros people of Lake Titicaca straddling Peru and Bolivia still live on them today.

The Hopi maintain an annual ceremonial calendar not only to petition for help with their crops, but to maintain the balance and rotation of the earth and the existence of all humanity. The Hopi refer to this balance as Lomakatsi. We are currently living in a time of unbalance which the Hopi refer to as Kyaanisqatsi or “life out of balance.” According to two Hopi prophecies, things may get a bit dicey soon as our life out of balance continues and a choice is made.

Two Life Paths of Hopi Life Plan
Two Life Paths of Hopi Life Plan

Hopi prophecy is known as the “Life Plan” and marked on what is known as “Prophecy Rock.” As the glyph indicates there is a point at which choices will be made and humanity will split – some choosing the path of the good Masaaw, others a materialistic life. Those choosing the latter will find life difficult and unbearable, and many will perish. Those choosing a life in harmony with the earth and the good Masaaw will live to old age. This split of humanity is shown in the far right side of the glyph, where the “two hearts” following the upper path find a bumpy road ahead, and those in harmony with the earth live long and peacefully – depicted by an old man with a staff on the bottom path.

Many also refer to the Hopi White Feather or Blue Star Prophecy in which 8 of 9 prophesied signs have come to pass, the last being the appearance of a celestial object falling from the sky followed by the appearance of a blue star. According to this prophecy, when the blue star appears a ceremonial Hopi kachina dancer will remove his mask and all ceremonies of the Hopi people will stop abruptly. When the spiritual ceremonies of the Hopi cease it’s time to get your affairs in order, as earth cataclysms and purification are following close behind. Though quite different, there are some similarities between aspects of the impending purification and those of what Westerners know as “armageddon” from the Bible.

While some liken the appearance of a blue star to the comet noted in the 6th prophecy of the Maya, many also see similarities with the Wormwood Prophecy from the Bible. According to the Bible Wormwood will appear bringing fire down on rivers and streams and making a third of the earth’s waters “bitter” in a manner that is deadly to humans. Oddly the Hopi and Maya both see this era meeting a fire-related end as well, and considering the damage we are doing to our water supply with fracking chemicals and GMO pesticides we could see Wormwood any day now.

For some reason the Vatican has taken interest in the American Southwest, positioning a high-powered telescope in the hills of Southern Arizona of all places – just south of the Hopi. The telescope is named “Lucifer” and like its namesake it is condemned to face the heavens for eternity. Is it looking for the blue star of the Hopi? Perhaps it’s time we all started paying more attention to the heavens, and to the Hopi.

It is clear that there is much we could learn from the Hopi and other indigenous ancestors of the ancient ones. Indigenous peoples like the Hopi may hold the key to understanding our past, yet we continue ignoring the wisdom of their oral traditions in favor of disposable written words and special interests. These people are our greatest natural resource and not only have we ignored them, we have made them prisoners of war for 500 years. Perhaps we are directed away from our indigenous brothers and sisters for a purpose. After all, if we took time to think beyond the veneer forest we’ve created we might understand our existence as the Hopi do: Understanding that the Creator has provided all the necessary resources needed by all living beings to co-exist here, including the means by which the human race can achieve a happy, healthy and self-sustaining life. That’s not profitable, it’s perfect.

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*Much of the above and additional research you will find on the Hopi is clan-specific, as are most of their traditions. The best way to learn more about the Hopi is to go visit these wonderful people and experience their way of life for yourself. Our friend Bertram Tsavadawa is one of several guides who will take great care of you!

Check out the video version of our journey for truth on Road2Ruins!

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Suicidal Maya?

Are We Following the Maya Road to Ruins?

The ancient, highly advanced Maya civilization of MesoAmerica committed civilizational suicide by ignoring the environmental impact of their actions and exhausting natural resources – basically living as we are today.

Stalagmites in Chechem Ha,, Maya Ceremonial Cave in Belize
Stalagmites in Chechem Ha,, Maya Ceremonial Cave in Belize

Dr. Jaime Awe, Assistant Professor at Northern Arizona University and Director of the Belize Valley Archaeological Reconnaissance Project (BVARP) recently concluded research showing that the ancient Maya not only lost their civilization to the far-reaching effects of extreme drought, they induced much of it themselves. Studying stalagmites (I know, the ones that point up) in Belizian caves Dr. Awe was able to cut into mineral deposits left by moisture dripping down over thousands of years. Taking slices in this manner he could measure the environmental impact of natural events over time, much like studying the rings of a tree. Dr. Awe’s team has found that there were several episodes of severe drought during the peak of Maya population approximately 700 – 900 AD – the end of what is referred to as the Classic Period. He also found that  population growth was far greater during this period, causing cities to bump up against one another. This growth quickly stressed the region’s limited resources, leading to war. Basically the Maya fell victim to famine and warfare resulting from years of extensive deforestation for expansive cities, impressive gaudy monuments and industrialized agriculture, sapping the land of nutrients and drastically reducing regional rainfall. This led many to flee and others to die.

“There is no doubt that the level of deforestation as a result of the extensive agriculture that the maya practiced would’ve certainly had adverse effects,” explains Awe. “They had droughts before but it didn’t effect them as severely, but when the population increases these problems are exacerbated. Some of the biggest droughts occur between 750 and 900 and again a few hundred years later, and it coincides with the time when many of these sites are being abandoned.”

While many are aware that the vast majority of the Maya had died or fled MesoAmerica prior to Spanish arrival, none had tied the diaspora to a self-induced climactic event as Dr. Awe and his team have. One of the most severe periods of drought they identified coincides with a 25-year period from 750-775 AD during which

A Stelae from the Ancient Maya City of Tikal in Guatemala
Stelae from the Ancient Maya City of Tikal in Guatemala

archaeologists have found 39 stelae (upright monolithic stone panels with inscriptions) commemorating major wars in the region. That’s right – thirty-nine major wars in only 25 years, most likely resulting from power struggles over limited resources and land. Cities had grown into each other and the primary need of any agrarian society like the Maya is land to farm.

“Around 800 AD we’re having some major problems with land, these cities ranging from 10,000 to 150,000 people, its just too many people for this area,” explains Luis Godoy, Yucatec Maya Historian and Guide. “The overpopulation and overuse of the natural resources led to famine, and of course in this period they were becoming enemies because of agriculture, land, when farmland was bumping and they were fighting for territory.”

Awe’s team used LIDAR technology, a type of radar that uses laser to “see” ancient structures through dense foliage. Using this technology Awe’s team was able to identify that the actual magnitude of Maya civilization in this region was far greater than previously thought. Able to see smaller settlements for the first time in addition to larger sites Awe found that the actual population of ancient Maya in Belize alone had exploded to an estimated one million people during the end of the Classic Period (700-900AD). One million people living in an area that now supports only about 250,000. When you run out of resources and land, you attack your neighbors. We are no different today as arguably every war in modern history has been driven by economic factors.

“Many of the wars that america has fought in the Middle East have certainly had an economic reason or purpose, you have to ensure the flow of that black gold,” explains Awe. “So certainly I think that with growing populations, deforestation, competition for finite resources, then eventually we see warfare increasing around the same time period, we see dietary problems, the nutrition people used to enjoy. Now they’re eating less protein, mostly corn, you can see the pathologies associated with that – like iron deficiency, protein deficiencies – so there’s a whole bunch of related factors that are being affected.”

GMO Corn, Bigger and Badder Than the Real Deal
GMO Corn: Bigger and Badder Than the Real Deal

Many of the pathologies Awe alludes to are widely apparent in our society today, and could be responsible for our issues with diabetes, obesity, ignorance and prescription drug overload. Our diets primarily consist of processed and genetically modified foods with little or no nutritional value because they are the most profitable for the companies producing them and the cheapest for us to purchase. Animal proteins that haven’t been subjected a disease-causing diet of corn or subjected to antibiotics and growth hormones are quite expensive, and are now being genetically modified. Corn and soy, the two major crops dominated by companies producing GMOs (genetically modified organisms) find their way into a wide variety of processed foods and other products. Not surprisingly these two crops are also among the most-subsidized by the U.S. Government.

Though we’re told GMOs will help us meet the challenge of feeding a growing population research shows this to be totally false – and this is just one of many issues with GMOs that should be concerning us. While nations around the world are banning them we cannot even pass a national law to label them. Profit is far more important than people in the capitalist world economy we have chosen to live within, and the omnipresent signs are becoming blatant. The Maya and every other ancient civilization prior to ours has shown us that pampering few at the expense of many eventually ends in famine, warfare, flight and failure. We can either take back our power and start living smarter now or continue believing ads from corporations and the governments they own and keep living the same way despite the fact that our population is growing beyond our capacity to support. This is called, “unsustainable” at best, “fatally stupid” at least. Why can’t we learn?

“I think one of the reasons us humans don’t seem to learn that lesson could be partly that we’re a little selfish, or we think, ‘that’s not going to happen in my time, let somebody else worry about it.'” states Awe. “It’s almost like passing the buck and it’s a really sad thing cuz we’re talking about our own children, and i think if we start to think about it in those terms hopefully we will wizen up and say, guess what – it can happen in OUR lifetime, so maybe we need to start thinking seriously about how to address these challenges.” According to NASA we had better start soon.

While in Belize we were fortunate to have been allowed to film Dr. Awe’s latest work with his Belize Valley Archaeological Reconnaissance Project (BVARP) on a site called Baking Pot. Research suggests that Baking Pot served as the epicenter for Maya agricultural production for the region in two primary areas. Among recent finds at Baking Pot is a steam bath that was used by the elite who managed the agricultural labor on site. Despite the presence of elite and their daily supervision of the masses to build enormous monuments at the expense of limited resources, like the ancient Egyptians the Maya never technically practiced “slavery.” One could argue that the masses were certainly indentured to a degree, but the leaders were able to instill a common motivation in the people for many hundreds of years that faded over time as conditions worsened without relief.

Ceremonial Pottery Offerings, Chechem Ha Cave, Belize
Ceremonial Pottery Offerings, Chechem Ha Cave, Belize

Awe’s team found signs of increased societal stress among the ancient Maya in the conduct of more intensified rituals in Belizean caves, where many of the Maya fertility and agricultural gods were thought to exist. While in earlier periods of Maya civilization cave rituals were conducted to connect with one’s ancestors by leaving gifts and pottery, later rituals ramped-up to include the sacrifice of animals, indicating the desperate nature of an agrarian society trying to grow food without rain. They became so desperate that they began to sacrifice humans. The elite Priests saw their influence fading fast as the people began to question their connections to the gods. After all, you can only sacrifice so many people to appease the rain god without results before you start to question how well the Priest really knows this guy. This is not at all unlike the fading of our “American Dream” as years of political, economic and social corruption are finally coming to light.

Down the road at another site in Belize’s Cayo District Awe’s team found an enormous mound of chert that could’ve resulted from hundreds of years of creating tools on site. Just uphill from this mountain of chert is an ancient storage chamber called a choltun, similar to a granary used by indigenous North Americans. Choltuns like this one were often built with a hole in the top for drop-down access. Inside the chamber were the human remains of at least 2, possibly 3 or more young adults who had been buried or sacrificed there in addition to passages into adjoining rooms.

In addition to shedding light on the failure of ancient Maya civilization, Dr. Awe has been conducting research at two other ancient Maya cities near San Ignacio, Belize – Carol

Sustainable Agriculture, Novel Concept
Sustainable Agriculture, Novel Concept

Pech and El Pilar. Awe’s research at these sites is suggesting the Maya pre-classic period began around 1200 BC, or roughly 300-500 years prior to previously held beliefs. As enormous ancient Maya cities like El Mirador in Guatemala and Pacbitun in Belize continue to expose their secrets we may learn far more about the Maya and how they tragically sacrificed themselves and their civilization to feed the greed of expanding rulers and territories. We may find out that as Dr. Awe’s research suggests, when we look at the ancient Maya we are looking in the mirror at another civilization on the verge of collapse.

“I think one of the lessons we can learn is that in spite of the fact that these people created this complex civilization, you can make mistakes along the way and if you don’t correct those mistakes or if you don’t recognize what some of the impacts can be and try to address them its gonna hurt you in the long run,” explains Awe. “That to me is one of the most important lessons that we today in the present can learn from the past, that is you know, are the things we’re doing today sustainable and for how long?”

We would like to thank Dr. Awe, his colleague Dr. Julie Hogarth and the wonderful group of researchers we had the pleasure of meeting out there on the front lines in Belize who have chosen to dedicate their lives to learning from our past to help us avoid perpetuating the same mistakes. We hope to see you all again soon – keep up the great work!

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Check out the video version of our journey for truth on Road2Ruins!

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